"For those who like horses not only in lasagna" - Findus
The horse is, together with the dog, one of the best companions of man among domestic animals. Even if it is less common to own a horse than a dog, horseback riding is a sport that you could still practice if you are passionate about horses.
This site is addressed to all those who are fond of horseback riding. It will enable them to acquire a solid cognitive base on the subject. On the other hand, it will also allow professionals to learn more about their horse, especially its health.
Horseback riding, Art, Leisure, Sport?
Horseback riding is a set of techniques aimed at driving a horse (or a pony) under the action of a rider. Some people consider horseback riding as an art, others as a hobby or a sport. The origins of horseback riding give rise to various versions.
However, the most credible is that the horse has been domesticated in Central Asia since ancient times. It would then have been imported into China, Western Asia and later into Europe and Africa. The first representation of a rider was originally from Crete two thousand years before our era. At first, the horse was mainly used by the armies.
With the advent of motorized vehicles, it was gradually adopted by the “civil world”. Horseback riding has been practiced since those times, notably by Sassanid horsemen and walkers who used horses for hunting, but especially for fighting.
However, horseback riding as we know it today has appeared in Italy and more precisely in Naples. In fact, between the 15th and 16th centuries, the city of Naples became so famous in this field that riders from all over Europe came here to improve their riding skills.
Later, horseback riding gained more and more followers, mostly women and more generally the middle class. It is therefore only natural that horseback riding was recognised as an Olympic discipline from the very beginning of the 1900 Olympic Games in Paris.
Three disciplines are entered: dressage, full competition and show jumping. The International Equestrian Federation is the supra-national body responsible for organising and regulating international equestrian competitions. In the three Olympic disciplines, it recognizes four others:
Today, there are nearly one million horseback riding licensees in France (700,000 in 2014) and 239 racecourses (2015). It is the third most practiced sport in France after football and tennis, and the most practiced by women.
See more figures on the horse industry in France
Sport or not?
Have you ever heard that horseback riding is not a sport and that only the beast works? Yes? Yes? Let’s bet this nonsense was coming out of the mouth of someone who has undoubtedly never put his butt on a saddle!
In the last place on the podium of the most practiced sports in France, horseback riding still counts no less than 1 000 000 licensees, go and tell them that their sport is a hobby, that they have no merit, because the canasson does all the work.
That riding on a horse does not require any physical preparation and that it is a pleasure to be obeyed with the finger and eye by a horse and that no muscle is called to be solicited during training sessions… go and tell them!
Yes, horseback riding is a real sport which implies to be in good physical condition, besides, think carefully, do you see a lot of fat riders? It is not a coincidence, horseback riding recruits deep and stabilizing muscles, in addition to working the whole posterior chain, adductor, quadriceps and buttocks.
Benefits of horseback riding
If the number of horseback riding enthusiasts has been constantly evolving in France and around the world for years, it is no coincidence. Indeed, the practice of this sport or leisure has many benefits on which it is important to look a little bit.
On the one hand, horseback riding can be practiced alone or in a group. It is therefore an excellent factor of social cohesion. On the physical level, horseback riding is a very complete sport. Indeed, all parts of the rider’s body are stressed (back, upper limbs, lower limbs, abdominals, buttocks…). It also contributes to the psychological well-being of the rider by the complicity created between him and his equine horse. Finally, horseback riding has the advantage of being practiced at any age. Children have a special interest in it. Just as in the case of dogs, taking care of their pony allows the child to learn to take responsibility at an early age. He acquires qualities such as attention, sociability and perseverance. It also contributes to the child’s psychomotor development and helps him/her be less prone to physical inactivity.
On the other hand, horseback riding allows horses to regularly oxygenate themselves, as it is practiced in the open air. Also, the animal’s muscles, which are heavily stressed during exercise, allow it to maintain a robust level of health.
However, riding is not without risk. Unfortunately, traumatic and psycho-traumatic risks are not negligible. Accidents are most often due to the unpredictability of the horse. Even if they occur rather infrequently (less often than in skiing and even football, for example), accidents are usually serious in equestrian riding (fractures, contusions to the head, shoulder or spinal column). In fact, horseback riding is the third most dangerous sport after paragliding and motocross. This is the reason why its practice is strongly advised against pregnant women, people with reduced mobility, but also those suffering from certain allergies caused by contact with the fur or plumage of certain animals.
Difference between hippology and ethology
Hippology is the branch of zoology that deals with equidae, especially horses and ponies. It brings together all disciplines interested in animal health and organism (biology, anatomy, etc.). Hippology is an ancient science.
It dates back to ancient Greece. But with the evolution of science and the proximity of animals to humans, it has taken on a new dimension over the years to become more interested in animal welfare.
As for the ethology often assimilated to one of the branches of hippology, it focuses more precisely on the psychological aspect of equine health. Ethology, for example, proposes to study the relationship of animals with nature, man and other animals. It also provides an interpretation of the animal’s feelings through some of its reactions. Ethology has taken on a particular dimension with the film “the man who whispers to the ears of horses”.
Shine in society!
Horses are one of those animals that don’t have the capacity to vomit, probably because they don’t drink alcohol.
The horse’s ears are made up of 16 muscles each and are independent of each other. This allows him to rotate his ear 180 degrees, skillfully!
On equestrian statues, if the horse has both forelegs raised, his rider died in battle. If he has only one, the rider died as a result of his injuries.
Today, there are almost a million horseback riding licensees in France for some 239 racecourses, making horseback riding the third most practiced sport!
In Toronto, it is against the law to drag a dead horse to Yonge Street on Sundays, the other days of the week everything is fine!
Vous souvenez-vous du Parrain ? Quand Jack Woltz découvre dans son lit la tête décapitée de son cheval ? Eh bien sachez que la tête était bien réelle et venait d’un cheval fourni par un abattoir !
Buy a horse
Every rider’s dream is to one day own his own horse. You can also dispose of them if you wish. But first, it is important to be aware of all the constraints associated with holding a horse.
Indeed, like any pet or domestic animal, it requires a minimum of care (food, veterinary care…). In the particular case of a horse, you must add accommodation costs if you plan to entrust its maintenance to an equestrian centre (which is preferable if you don’t know enough about it).
As for the price itself, you should know that it depends on several parameters:
- His race
- Its size
- The maintenance he was subjected to before the sale
- The use you want to make, since racehorses are the most expensive.
- In any case, the cost of a horse varies between 1,000 and 2,500 euros for leisure horses.
As for racehorses, you will have to pay between 5,000 and 20,000 euros, or even more than 50,000 euros for those already holding a prize list.
To this end, it will be necessary to provide 5,000 to 10,000 euros per year for ancillary costs (accommodation, food, veterinary care, dentists’ fees, insurance, riding lessons, competitions, etc.).
What are the different equestrian disciplines?
Training that is common to all equestrian disciplines. It is the whole of all the techniques aimed at creating a perfect harmony with his frame. It thus allows the rider to “make only one” with his horse. It is based on several figures in straight line and diagonal lines
The obstacle course describes an obstacle course that the rider must cross with the animal. It is the most practiced riding discipline. Obstacles are of several types (oxers, ground bars, crossbars…)
The full competition or CCE which is only practiced during equestrian competitions. It brings together several events such as dressage, road, steeple-chase, cross-country and show jumping. However, road haulage and steeple-chase have been eliminated since 2004.
L’endurance dont l’objectif est de jauger l’endurance de l’animal sur une longue distance. C’est une épreuve très populaire
The equifeel which is a set of tests aimed at improving the complicity between the rider and his equine. They are carried out on foot
Le polo, un sport équestre très connu qui oppose deux équipes de 4 joueurs et dont l’objectif est d’introduire une petite boule en plastique ou en bois dans le but de l’équipe adverse en se servant d’un maillet à long manche
The TREC (Competitive equestrian trekking techniques) which is a set of equestrian events carried out during the same competition and whose objective is to appreciate the links between the rider and his horse.
There are many other equestrian disciplines. We could also mention horseball, running, harnessing, aerobatics in a circle, reining or even hobby horsing… without a horse!
Horseback riding is an exciting leisure activity that attracts more and more people. The statistics published each year by the French Federation of Riding Federation (FFE) prove the growing popularity of this discipline, especially among women. Almost all amateurs and professionals alike follow a classic route. The first step being to register in one of the many equestrian centres of the country, you will necessarily find some in your city or department. You don’t need to have a particular physical type!
The training takes place under the supervision of an experienced instructor who will allow you to go through the various stages without great difficulty, making you an excellent rider. In particular, it will help you gradually learn how to control your fear, to make one with the animal, to go up in seal, to control the different paces and gallops… Finally, there are ponies in all equestrian centres intended for the learning of children from 6 to 13 years old.
Horse racing is a race between several horses, each ridden by a jockey. A distinction is made between galloping (with or without obstacles) and harnessed trotting. Horse racing has appeared since ancient times. They have been practiced particularly in Greece and Rome over the past centuries.
Today, horse races are held all over Europe and the world. As for the racecourses, they are very widespread, particularly in France and the United Kingdom where they are the most numerous. There are also a few in Africa, including South Africa and Tunisia. Today there are nearly 300 racecourses in France. The most famous is that of Vincennes. There are more than 18,000 races each year in the hexagon. Horse racing generates tens of billions of dollars in worldwide revenue every year. In France, for example, they generated around 10 billion euros in 2012 alone.
However, horse betting dropped in 2016 for the 4th consecutive year, reaching “only” 924 million (-9% compared to 2015). The reason would be that equestrian betting is more complex to apprehend than the href=”https://www.parierenbelgique.be/” target=”_blank” rel=”noopener”>paris sportif. It is indeed due to a lot of expertise.
Horse-riding as well as any leisure or sport requires a minimum of equipment. The equipment of the horse and rider must be distinguished here. The usual equipment of the horse is:
- The seal
- Carpet and shock absorber
- The net
As for the rider, he must protect himself above all in order to limit the risks of accidents and trauma associated with falls. His equipment is:
- The bomb or the helmet of equitation
- Protective vest
- The boots or mini-chaps
- Equestrian pants
Occupations related to horses
There are several professions related to horses. It is important to know, however, that these professions are embraced more out of passion than to make money.
Indeed, they demand a lot of self-denial. For example, there are many misconceptions about the jockey profession, to give just one example. Even if in some cases it can offer very attractive, even relatively high salaries, it depends on several parameters (experience and achievements in particular).
Below are some of the best known equestrian professions:
- Riding instructor
- Breeder of horses, stallion
- Equine dentist
- Veterinarian, dentist, equine osteopath
It is important to take care of your pet’s health, especially if you have chosen to stay at home. Make sure his or her health record is up to date. Horses are solid animals, but they are also very vulnerable to certain pathogens that can cause serious damage or death. In addition to his health, you must also take care of his diet, don’t think that a daily carrot is enough for him, just as you don’t feed a horse like a cat, by buying a simple food dispenser. It is much more complex, the horse requires a diet and special attention, we will see how not to miss any of its needs!
The most common diseases in horses are
- Emphysema or navicular disease which, although benign, can be the basis for cancelling the sale of your horse.
- Mud scab, summer dermatitis, but also carbide, which are linked to lodging and caused by pathogens living in grassland grass.
- Piroplasmosis and leptospirosis caused by tick bites.
For these illnesses, bloodshed due to fatigue must also be taken into account. It is common as a result of a major effort expended by an animal that most often has moderate physical activity. Finally, unfortunately, it happens that following an incurable disease one is led to euthanize a horse. Others give up the soul by natural death.